We publish a number of technical recommendations and guidelines issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, represented by the agricultural extension sector, which olive farmers must observe, during the month of July to increase production. Among the most important operations: getting rid of crabs below the vaccination area in grafted varieties, increasing the number of points with the progression of young ages in order to provide the amount of moisture needed for that, getting rid of weeds in the farm, controlling irrigation operations and not over-watering, painting the logs with plastic to protect the trees from sun rays. And by fertilizing the trees that are irrigated by immersion, the trees are one to two years old. 100 g are added to 150 g of ammonia sulfate or ammonia nitrate, 300 g of ammonia sulfate is added to trees older than 3 years, 150 g of potassium sulfate are added for young ages and old ages 300 g This fertilization is repeated once every 15 days, at a rate of 2 fertilizers per month
Fertilization of olive trees that are drip-irrigated, “the first irrigation – add 2 kg of ammonia sulfate + 1/2 kg magnesium sulfate, the second irrigation – add 3 kg of compound fertilizer 19 – 19 – 19, the third irrigation – add 3 kg of potassium sulfate, the fourth irrigation – 1 liter of amino acid is added to an acre for a month, 2 liters of humic acid are added once a month, 1 liter of phosphoric acid is added once every 15 days in exchange with 1 liter of nitric acid once every 15 days. Foliar fertilization, note – the foliar spray is done at a rate of once a month, and in the event that symptoms of deficiency of elements appear on the trees, it is repeated and done as follows: 350 gm iron chelated + 150 gm chelated manganese + 75 gm magnesium + 50 g Borax + 50 g Copper sulfate + 200 gm urea (to increase absorption efficiency).
Third: the irrigation program in July, the first year, 25 liters / tree, the second year, 28 liters / trees, the third year, 30 liters / tree, the fourth year, 30: 35 liters / tree, the fifth year, 40:55 liters / tree, the sixth year, 55:60 liters. / Tree, and the average of irrigation is 3 waterings per week to avoid root rot diseases. It is noticeable in the event that there are any strikes on the trees and this is due to the type of soil in which the water is reduced or increased.
Fourth: The control program, resistance to fungal, insect and animal diseases, the fine bleaching is preventively controlled by adding micronized sulfur at a rate of 2.5 g per liter of water+ 0.5cm diffuser per liter of water, combating aphids, thrips and carrion (paper hopper) and knowing the type of insect and dealing with it with insecticide The appropriate, primer of 1.5 cm / hydration + diffuser or 1 cm silicone / therma + diffuser or muspilan 1 cm / water + diffuser, control of scale insects by spraying any insecticide added to any mineral oil..